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The exact reason for building Machu Picchu is still not known. Specialists have concluded that it might have been some sort of a religious sanctuary, perhaps also a place where the rich Incas had retreated (but before the arrival of the Spaniards). One of the World's New Seven Wonders of the World, the "Old Peak" has become an icon of Peru.

The exact reason for building Machu Picchu is still not known. Specialists have concluded that it might have been some sort of a religious sanctuary, perhaps also a place where the rich Incas had retreated (but before the arrival of the Spaniards). One of the World's New Seven Wonders of the World, the "Old Peak" has become an icon of Peru.

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Keywords:
Cusco
Cuzco
Qusqu
Andes
Urubamba Valley
World Heritage Site
UNESCO
capital
Peru
Peruvian
South America
ruins
Inca Empire
Incas
Machu Picchu
Sacred Valley
"Lost City of the Incas"
Gate of the Sun
irrigation systems
agricultural land
dry stone techniques
Spanish invaders
Urubamba Jungle
New Seven Wonders of the World